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– Distinct groups of Indigenous people identified by their unique culture, language and historical connection.
The United Nations’ working definition of Indigenous Peoples describes Nations as “those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing on those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal system.”
As distinct and often self-governing political entities, a Nation (or Tribe) may be defined by one physical territory and name, or a multitude of territories of various names that fall under its political or cultural umbrella.
Also note that as we recognize that there are often multiple chapters or bands of Nations that exist today, for simplification purposes we organize our listings according to the (Historical) Nation Name. (ie.“Eastern band of Cherokee” = Cherokee).
Nations listings were compiled using data from Tribal Nations Maps and multiple websites of information on Nations in the US and Canada.