Adam Crepelle and Ilia Murtazashvili have posted “Artificial Intelligence on Indian Reservations in the United States: Prospects and Challenges” on SSRN. Here is the abstract:
Increases in computing power have contributed to tremendous improvements in Artificial Intelligence (AI). Despite increasing deployment of AI by public, private, and nonprofit organizations, consideration of AI on American Indian reservations remains in its infancy. In this paper, we suggest that consideration of Internet policy on tribal lands should be expanded beyond consideration of barriers to broadband access to include responsible adoption of emergent technologies, including AI. To facilitate such consideration, we consider the prospects and challenge for deployment of AI in public, private, and nonprofit applications on Indian reservations in the United States. Our particular focus is on how specific aspects of reservations offer unique opportunities as well as challenges for deployment of AI. We also argue that an important frontier in the Indigenous Data Sovereignty movement is to develop principles for responsible use of AI on reservations.
Of note, the paper asserts that AI might be especially useful for tribal courts: “Rightly or wrongly, people may have more confidence in AI than tribal judges.” OUCH.